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倫敦V&A博物館「拉斐爾圖稿」線上開展!文藝復興最偉大的珍寶一次公開

Raphael Cartoon, The Death of Ananias. Photo (c) V_A. Courtesy Royal Collection Trust Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2021_1

V_A conservator condition checks a Raphael Cartoon. Photo V_A

Raphael Cartoon, Christ_s Charge to Peter. Photo (c) V_A. Courtesy Royal Collection Trust Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2021_1

Recording the colour of the Raphael Cartoons - panoramic composite photography (c) Gabriel Scarpa for FF

Raphael Cartoon,The Sacrifice at Lystra. Photo (c) V_A. Courtesy Royal Collection Trust Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2021

Raphael Cartoon, Paul Preaching at Athens. Photo (c) V_A. Courtesy Royal Collection Trust Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2021

V_A digital interactive, showing colour and infrared detail of the Raphael Cartoon Christ_s Charge to Peter. Photo (c) V_A Courtesy Royal Collection Trust HM Queen Elizabeth II 2021

Raphael Cartoon, The Healing of the Lame Man. Photo (c) V_A. Courtesy Royal Collection Trust Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2021

V_A digital interactive, showing colour, 3D and infrared detail of the Raphael Cartoon The Death of Ananias. Photo (c) V_A Courtesy Royal Collection Trust HM Queen Elizabeth II 2021

Raphael Cartoon, The Miraculous Draught of Fishes. Photo (c) V_A. Courtesy Royal Collection Trust Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2021

Shaded render, detail from Raphael Cartoon, The Miraculous Draught of Fishes. Photo (c) V_A. Courtesy Royal Collection Trust Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2021

Detail of Lucida scanner recording surface of Raphael Cartoon (c) Gabriel Scarpa for FF

Raphael Cartoon, The Conversion of the Proconsul or The Blinding of Elymas. Photo (c) V_A. Courtesy Royal Collection Trust Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2021

Lucida scanner recording surface of Raphael Cartoon (c) Gabriel Scarpa for FF

Detail showing colour data of The Healing of The Lame Man. (c) FF for the V_A and RCT

Recording the colour of the Raphael Cartoons - panoramic composite photography (c) Gabriel Scarpa for FF

Detail showing colour data of The Healing of The Lame Man. (c) FF for the V_A and RCT

Shaded render showing colour and 3D info of The Healing of the Lame Man (c) FF for the V_A and RCT

西元1515年,與達文西、米開朗基羅並稱文藝復興三傑的畫家拉斐爾(Raphael),受到教宗李奧十世(Leo PP. X)委託,為梵蒂岡西斯汀禮拜堂(Sistine Chapel)繪製十幅長約5米長、3.5米高的掛毯;到了2021年,倫敦V&A博物館因應疫情,正式推出「拉斐爾圖稿」線上版,一次公開世間僅存的七幅掛毯圖稿,讓藝術迷們坐在電腦螢幕前,便可以近距離欣賞文藝復興宗師的珍貴畫作!

倫敦V&A博物館「拉斐爾圖稿」線上開展


倫敦V&A珍貴館藏,「拉斐爾圖稿」現存七幅一次公開!

被譽為文藝復興最偉大的珍寶之一的「拉斐爾圖稿」,其實是拉斐爾為了製作西斯汀禮拜堂在重要慶典時懸掛的織毯,而事先描繪的同尺寸底稿。不同於許多人認知中較為粗略、潦草的草圖,以不透明水彩繪製的「拉斐爾圖稿」完成度極高,內容則描繪聖彼得、聖保羅兩位使徒生平,包括「捕魚神蹟」、「羅馬總督皈依」、「保羅雅典講道」、「耶穌給彼得鑰匙」、「亞拿尼亞之死」、「保羅在路司得城」、「治癒瘸子」等宗教故事。

倫敦V&A博物館「拉斐爾圖稿」線上開展


在拉斐爾完成底稿後,「拉斐爾圖稿」被送至由彼得(Pieter van Aelst)在布魯塞爾開設的知名織毯作坊製作,並於1519年首次懸掛於西斯汀禮拜堂中;至於作為底稿的「拉斐爾圖稿」經過多年輾轉,終於在17世紀時,由威爾斯親王(Prince of Wales,也就是後來的查理一世Charles I)將僅存的七幅圖稿帶到英國,維多利亞女王(Queen Victoria)更在1865年時,長期出借「拉斐爾圖稿」給倫敦V&A博物館,就此成為V&A博物館極為珍貴的館藏。

倫敦V&A博物館「拉斐爾圖稿」線上開展


以新科技製作高解析度圖檔,彷彿近距離觀看文藝復興巨作

事實上,倫敦V&A博物館原預計開放翻修後的拉斐爾展廳(Raphael Court)和經過重新詮釋的拉斐爾圖稿,而「拉斐爾圖稿」線上內容則為倫敦V&A博物館2020年拉斐爾逝世500週年紀念活動「拉斐爾計畫」(Raphael Project)的一部分。

倫敦V&A博物館「拉斐爾圖稿」線上開展


然而,受到疫情影響,「拉斐爾圖稿」線上展將於博物館再次對外開放前搶先面世。在3D掃描等現代科技輔助下,古老的「拉斐爾圖稿」有了超高解析度圖像,也因此,觀眾在家觀看時可以放大畫作細節,彷彿真正近距離觀看文藝復興宗師巨作。這不僅是藝術迷「在家逛展」的新選擇,更是深入感受文藝復興時期繪畫之美的絕佳機會。

倫敦V&A博物館「拉斐爾圖稿」線上開展


Info/

《拉斐爾圖稿》線上特展:https://www.vam.ac.uk/collections/raphael-cartoons

文字/郭慧

圖片提供/倫敦V&A博物館(Victoria and Albert Museum)

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Raphael Cartoon, The Death of Ananias. Photo (c) V_A. Courtesy Royal Collection Trust Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2021_1

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V_A conservator condition checks a Raphael Cartoon. Photo V_A

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Raphael Cartoon, Christ_s Charge to Peter. Photo (c) V_A. Courtesy Royal Collection Trust Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2021_1

photo3 /19

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Recording the colour of the Raphael Cartoons - panoramic composite photography (c) Gabriel Scarpa for FF

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Raphael Cartoon,The Sacrifice at Lystra. Photo (c) V_A. Courtesy Royal Collection Trust Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2021

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Raphael Cartoon, Paul Preaching at Athens. Photo (c) V_A. Courtesy Royal Collection Trust Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2021

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V_A digital interactive, showing colour and infrared detail of the Raphael Cartoon Christ_s Charge to Peter. Photo (c) V_A Courtesy Royal Collection Trust HM Queen Elizabeth II 2021

photo8 /19

Raphael Cartoon, The Healing of the Lame Man. Photo (c) V_A. Courtesy Royal Collection Trust Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2021

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V_A digital interactive, showing colour, 3D and infrared detail of the Raphael Cartoon The Death of Ananias. Photo (c) V_A Courtesy Royal Collection Trust HM Queen Elizabeth II 2021

photo10 /19

Raphael Cartoon, The Miraculous Draught of Fishes. Photo (c) V_A. Courtesy Royal Collection Trust Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2021

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Shaded render, detail from Raphael Cartoon, The Miraculous Draught of Fishes. Photo (c) V_A. Courtesy Royal Collection Trust Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2021

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Detail of Lucida scanner recording surface of Raphael Cartoon (c) Gabriel Scarpa for FF

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Raphael Cartoon, The Conversion of the Proconsul or The Blinding of Elymas. Photo (c) V_A. Courtesy Royal Collection Trust Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2021

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Lucida scanner recording surface of Raphael Cartoon (c) Gabriel Scarpa for FF

photo15 /19

Detail showing colour data of The Healing of The Lame Man. (c) FF for the V_A and RCT

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Recording the colour of the Raphael Cartoons - panoramic composite photography (c) Gabriel Scarpa for FF

photo17 /19

Detail showing colour data of The Healing of The Lame Man. (c) FF for the V_A and RCT

photo18 /19

Shaded render showing colour and 3D info of The Healing of the Lame Man (c) FF for the V_A and RCT

photo19 /19